Madison is the state capital of Wisconsin and the county seat of Dane County in the United States. The population was 269,840 as of the 2020 census, making it the second-largest city in Wisconsin by population after Milwaukee and the 80th-largest in the country. The city is built on an isthmus that connects four lakes: Lake Monona, Lake Kegonsa, Lake Mendota, and Lake Waubesa. Madison also has a thriving cultural scene, with events like the fantastic Rhythm and Booms and the massive yearly firework and music festival featuring fly-pasts by air force aircraft. It also has several first-rate museums and art galleries, as well as a variety of tourist attractions.
During the summer, the city's vast bike path network is packed with bikers. Other visitors and residents prefer sailing on Waubesa, Mendota, and Monona lakes. Outdoor sports like skating, hockey, Nordic skiing, and ice fishing are popular in the winter. The city's long association with the renowned American architect Frank Lloyd Wright is one of its significant claims to fame. Wright, who was born in Wisconsin, built several of Madison's most impressive structures, including the headquarters of the First Unitarian Society and numerous private residences.